All About Tannerite – Exploding Targets for Shooting

If you believe you are over the traditional shooting range and target practicing, and that you are ready for the next step, we have something for you. We are talking about a move that will bring a huge amount of excitement in your life, something that will immediately boost the level of your adrenaline. Allow us to present to you the tannerite – exploding targets for shooting.

Now, this is not something you can play around with. Tannerite is no joke, and you need to be extra careful around it. That’s why we wanted to make sure you have all the information you need before even getting the idea of using it for shooting purposes. So let’s start from the beginning.

What Is Tannerite?

You are probably wondering what is tannerite exactly. Tannerite is a binary explosive that’s been often used as a target for rifles. It is actually a brand name that became a synonym for explosive targets of this kind in general. Like all other binary explosives, it comes divided into two separate compartments that are not explosives per se – oxidizer, and fuel.

Those two parts need to be mixed together when you are ready to shoot. But bear in mind that even when you do that, tannerite is still going to be a stable explosive. It cannot detonate on its own, just like that, if you drop it or hit it by accident. It will blow up only when you hit it with something with a velocity of at least 2000 fps. Also, it is not a flammable explosive, so it cannot be detonated with fire or electricity.

The next question is – what is tannerite made of. Tannerite is a mixture of ammonium perchlorate, ammonium nitrate, powdered aluminum, and several other minor ingredients. It’s actually an original recipe for tannerite explosive, but today it’s usually designed from only two compounds – ammonium nitrate and powdered aluminum.

When it comes to tannerite explosions, you can expect the big white cloud to occur and for it to be pretty loud. So make sure you are prepared for that. And don’t forget that this is mainly and primarily exploding target for rifles, given their rounds have high enough velocity to detonate tannerite. Shotguns won’t do the work, as well as handguns, all but one – .22 TCM.

Why Use Exploding Targets?

When it comes to why tannerite targets are so popular, and why they are used for target shooting, the explanation is pretty simple – because of the effect they create. When the bullet hits the explosive target, it will create a loud bang and the sensation of a real explosion. And that’s what makes people’s hearts race faster. Their adrenaline will jump on the highest level, and according to many shooters, that’s definitely more exciting than shooting a simple piece of paper.

Also, the other reason it is used that much is that it is pretty affordable and relatively safe. Anyone who wants to buy it can, because it is not treated like the TNT or black powder by the Federal government. Tannerite comes as two components that are not treated as explosive on their own, so it is very accessible. You can buy tannerite online or in stores pretty much anywhere.

Is it Dangerous?

Well, we are talking about an explosive, so it’s not not dangerous. It is considered to be a pretty safe compound since it cannot be easily detonated. The velocity of the impact needs to be over 2000 fps in order for it to explode, and there’s no danger in case you drop the bag with tannerite. Besides that, the explosion it creates it not big, and it’s designed that way for safety reasons. But it can be dangerous given it did happen that people got harmed or even killed by tannerite. In most cases, that was the issue when the tannerite exploded while being inside of containers, so the explosion sent shrapnel all around, which ended up hurting or killing people who were close by.

Safety Considerations

Of course, that safety has to be a priority when we are talking about using explosive compounds like tannerite. In order to always maintain it, you need to know how to use tannerite, because after all, it can be dangerous if not treated right. So first and foremost, you need to wear your shooting glasses so you can protect your eyes from any shrapnel. Also, shooting ear protection is another must since the explosion produced by tannerite can be super loud. It is important to make sure that besides you, every person that’s close to the future explosion place has a protective gear on them as well.

Now, we have already mentioned that tannerite is not a flammable explosive per se and that it cannot be triggered by fire or electricity, but it can set the fire when detonated if there are some flammable objects close by. There are reports that show how tannerite caused even wildfires. That’s why you have to make sure something like that doesn’t happen again. Be a responsible shooter, and remove all flammable things away from the tannerite just in case.

However, if you insist on having some items blown up, because of the effect, stick to things like chalk-filled eggs, melons, or simply dirt piles. Those detonations won’t create shrapnel that can hurt you or people around you for sure. And when it comes to how far the tannerite target should be placed from people and animals in order to remain absolute safety, the 100 yards should do the work. So don’t position the target closer than that.

The experts suggest that people who don’t have experience with handling tannerite use up to one pound of the mixed compound at once. Also, given that it is pretty toxic, they are underlining that you should keep this explosive away from children, in some safe and protected place. Make sure it cannot be accessed by anyone but you.

Legal Considerations

When it comes to legal issues, using tannerite is not a problem. That’s because you are not buying it as an explosive, but as two separate compounds that are not in that category. Since you need to mix them first in order to get an explosive substance, the law won’t be in your way. As an individual, you have a legal right to manufacture explosives, but only in order to use it for your own needs. If you plan on doing that for the purpose of selling it, you will need a license.

Also, you can ship and transport tannerite only if it’s not mixed. Only in that case, the shipment will be legal. Otherwise, if you have already made a mash of those two compounds, you are not allowed to ship it or transport it by any means. Bear in mind that tannerite is forbidden in some places like in Pacific Northwest regions and US Forest Service land in the Rocky Mountain, because of the risk of fire.

Some other properties may also have banned it, so it is important to first check if it’s permitted before purchasing it and using it for the shooting purposes in public areas. Local and state laws can also have their own saying about tannerite. They may have some restrictions in a matter of who can use it, is there a license required, how much tannerite can you legally set off, etc. and it is crucial to have that information in time. 

Shooting Tannerite

Shooting tannerite can be so much fun, but it is crucial that you approach it with maximum caution and with nothing but safety on your mind. It’s a little bit like playing with the fire, you are risking being burnt, but in this case, there’s a risk of being seriously hurt, so we needed to make sure you get this right.

You need to use tannerite wisely, with all precocious measures being taken, from having a safety gear on you and making sure all other people around you are also protected, to using it in the right distance and the right amount.

Now, you need to know how exactly tannerite works so you can understand what we are talking about. We already pointed out that there are two compounds that need to be mixed up – fuel and oxidizer. The fuel needs to react to something in order to create energy, in this case, we are referring to the kinetic one. The oxygen atoms provided by the oxidizer will do the work. So when that connection is established, the fast-moving bullet will create energy strong enough to set off the explosive reaction.

Conclusion

It’s pretty clear that you are going to have a blast with tannerite targets, especially if you are a passionate shooter who’s looking for some additional excitement. The experience of hitting the target that will blow up, literally will bring in so much fun into this activity. We are certain you will make sure not to endanger yourself or others while doing so, so we won’t lecture you again. We will just wish you luck and emphasize hope that you will manage to improve your shooting skills with this powerful explosive target in your service.

Jogging While Carrying

If you like running early in the morning, or late at night, if you are passing through some non-crowded and abandoned places, or maybe through woods, you are probably not feeling safe at some moments. Regular physical activity is so important for various reasons, and there’s really no need for you to deny yourself your daily routine. Instead, you can make sure you are protected no matter what, by carrying a gun while jogging. That’s why today we are going to talk about concealed carry for runners.

Why concealed carry while running?

There are so many examples of runners being attacked by an animal, a thief, a sexual predator, or a junky. You wouldn’t believe some stories we heard about and how incredibly often that happens. That’s why you need to make sure you have some sort of defensive mechanism or a tool on you. And don’t be naive thinking these things happen to women only. There are examples of strong and tall men being victims of these unfortunate circumstances as well.

The main problem with runners is the fact they are exhausted by the activity they are engaged with, and if the attack happens, they usually don’t have enough strength to defend themselves properly. So no matter if we are talking about an assault by an animal or a human, having a weapon on you, can help you save your life and avoid some catastrophic scenarios.

Concealed carry jogging holsters

When it comes to concealed carry running gear, there’s no doubt that there are so many options you can choose from, but the question is how effective each one of them will actually be. There are several gun holsters that can provide you with concealed carry, that’s for sure, but are all of them suitable for runners who are in a constant move? The answer is no. Some of them will keep your weapon well hidden, but they will disturb and annoy you because they will limit your movement and prevent you from having a natural running flow. So let’s see what you can expect from some popular solutions regarding running holsters.

Traditional IWB and OWB holsters

If you own one of these holster types, you probably thought you could use it for running purposes. But as it turns out, that might not be such a great idea. First and foremost, the running gear is usually made from some sort of stretchy fabric that’s not firm enough to hold on the weight of your holster and a gun. Also, the waistbands on shorts or leggings are pretty elastic, and you may end up with your clothes sliding down your body if you attach a waist holster on them.

So even if you have the lightest possible gun on you, this will not be the best solution, the outcome will always be the same. Now, even if somehow you manage to hold your IWB or OWB on the waistband, there’s another issue to think about. The weight of the gun will certainly create additional pressure on your hips while jogging, and that can lead to feeling pain in this area or causing some sort of hip damage after some time.

Ankle holsters

Ankle holsters do seem like an excellent choice, given they won’t mess up with your clothes, and they won’t stand in your way when it comes to running movement. But, they will be an extra weight on one of your legs, which can be a problem. Those situations when people put ankle weights on both of their legs are not an issue because the added burden is equal. But in this case, with an ankle holster, you will have an extra weight only on one side. That can lead to being clumsy and possibly hurting yourself in the way you would never when running freely, without that gun gear piece of equipment.

The other thing you should bear in mind is the fact you cannot carry your gun in a concealed way with this sort of a holster. Either it will be widely exposed, or it will print on your running clothes. Also, bear in mind that reaching for the gun all the way to your ankle can be a bit of a challenge while running. That can put you in great danger if you meet eye-to-eye with your attacker, and it could prevent you from reacting fast and managing to draw out the gun.

Chest and waist packs

As you can see, carrying a gun while running isn’t that simple as it seems. If you don’t find holsters as an adequate solution for you, maybe you should think about using waist or chest packs. Many runners claim that this is the best possible solution for their needs and that there are several benefits that will turn you into a pack lover, but there are also some concerns you cannot ignore.

These packs are compact, they come with one or several straps that go around your body, and they can be worn in various different ways. They have enough space for standard-sized guns, and they will remain near your body even if you are in a movement. But, on the other hand, they are not as practical for gun carry as it seems.

They are pretty bouncy, and they usually come with a zipper, which means it can take some time for you to manage to unzip the pack and take out your weapon. In situations where you are scared or attacked, you will probably find this very challenging and not effective enough. However, if you decide to purchase one, please make sure you use a trigger guard or some sort of a pocket holster as well, in order to make sure your gun is safe and that no accidents can happen regarding unintentional firing. 

Jogger concealment holster pack

What’s obvious is that carrying a classical chest or waist packs won’t provide you with concealed carry. They both go on top of your clothes and are visible to everyone. Even if you place them under your shirt, they will print badly, and that way, you will have an even bigger problem when it comes to reaching for your gun. The optimal solution is to use belly bands that are partial packs instead. They are a pretty good option for joggers since they have enough space for a gun, and they won’t bounce like standard packs given they stay tight against your body. They sometimes come with an anti-sweat fabric, specially designed for runners, that will protect your weapon from moisture.

Belly bands

Very similar to these partial belly packs are traditional belly bands that can be attached directly to your skin. They are very popular among active joggers since they can be worn under light clothes, and since they are usually very breathable and comfortable to wear. But also because of the fact the gun will remain in its place no matter how quickly and in which way you move.

They can come in various different shapes, and they can have pretty simple or a bit more complex design, but their mechanism of action is always the same. They are definitely the better option than the regular waist holsters we mentioned above, and these models can provide a secure place for many different gun models. That means you can use the same belly band for all pieces of weaponry you possess, without having to change it. Some of them even come with a trigger cover and a retention strap.

Concealment clothing

Not all people are familiar with the fact that concealment clothing even exists. But it does, and it can do the job quite well. We are talking about running gear equipment that comes with a gun holster attached to it, like concealment shorts. This piece of clothing looks like compression shorts, it is usually worn under the sweatpants or regular running shorts, and it has a pocket for your pistol.

Concealment clothing is pretty reliable, and there is very little chance for your gun not to stay in its place since there is usually a retention strap included. Also, you can find concealment clothing for both women and men. But it is recommended to practice pulling out your gun from it first, before you actually go running, given that it’s not that easy as it looks, at least when it comes to drawing with only one hand.

Tips for runners with concealed carry

If concealed carry while jogging is something you are facing for the first time, there are some things you need to know and prepare yourself for. The fact is, having a gun on you while running is not something you probably wished for, but since we are living in a world where danger lurks around every corner, it turns out it’s sometimes a necessary thing. That’s why we prepared a few suggestions that will make this change much easier for you.

Pay attention!

First things first. No matter if you are carrying a gun while jogging or not, you need to make sure your eyes are wide open and that your danger sensors are always on. The reality of having a gun on you won’t be enough to keep you safe all the time. You need to pay attention to your surroundings, especially if you are in an abandoned place where there are no other people. It would be good to take off your headphones and focus on what’s going on around you. Of course, you should not be panicking, we know that this is your time to relax, but at some points, some extra consciousness would be good. In case there is a threat, you need to have enough time to prepare yourself and take out your gun.

Learn how to use a gun

We assume you know to handle a gun if you own one and plan on using it, but if you don’t, this is the time to learn. You cannot allow yourself to carry on a weapon while not being fully familiar with all of its components, mechanism, and the way it works. Also, in order to make sure you can defend yourself properly, you should go to a shooting range and practice aiming. We hope you never find yourself in a situation where you will need to use the gun, but just in case you really need to know-how and to make sure you are comfortable with it. This experience will give you much-needed speed as well, and that can be a crucial thing if you are faced with any sort of danger while jogging.

Remember – you are sweating!

The normal thing about running is that you sweat. A lot. And you should bear that in mind when purchasing a gun holster of any kind. It is important what sort of material is used for the manufacturing process because if the holster is not sweat-proof, your weapon may be exposed to certain damage. This is not something you will notice immediately but after some time. Sweat can wreak internal steel components, but also its external frame. But even if you have a gun gear that’s resilient to sweat, you should still clean it on a regular basis in order to make sure it remains fully functional.

Beware of scams

Since attacks on joggers happen pretty often, gun gear manufacturers started creating and selling so many different types and forms of running holsters, and most of them are very low-quality made and not efficient enough. Also, many of these products haven’t been tested for safety, which is a huge problem if you ask us. So in case you are not very familiar with this subject, make sure to research a bit and consult with some experts before you purchase something of this kind. That way, you will make sure your investment will pay off and truly keep you protected in case of danger. And remember, a piece of equipment that should hold your gun while you are running should have a retention strap, as well as a trigger guard. 

Conclusion

Running and carrying is definitely a new trend that’s becoming bigger each day. None of us is happy about that, but it is what it is, and we need to accept the reality we live in. We made sure to present you with all possible options when it comes to having a gun on you while jogging and to point out all of their benefits and shortcomings. Now it’s up to you to decide which one is the most suitable for you and your needs. It would be good to try several solutions in order to get a clearer picture of each one, and then to determine what will be your holster of choice.

How to Disassemble and Clean a 1911?

If you are thinking of investing in a 1911 gun, or you already own one, you will definitely find this text to be super useful. We are going to explain in detail how to disassemble, clean, and then again reassemble this type of a weapon easily, without any hiccups or obstacles on the way. We are talking about handling a firearm that has a long history and is designed for personal defense reasons, but also for hunting, target shooting, and for military tactical operations.

There are many different types of 1911 guns since different manufacturers adapted this gun design to what they thought was the best solution regarding its accuracy and reliability. Some of them are based on recoil spring and recoil spring plug, while others use recoil rod, which means field stripping for them won’t be the same.

Now we are going to show you how to field strip a 1911 pistol while pointing at the difference between full-length guide rod, GI-style, and bull barrel models.

Field strip

1. Check if the gun is unloaded

In order to make sure accidents won’t happen during this disassembly/cleaning process, you have to check and see if the gun has an empty barrel. First, you need to remove the magazine, and then to establish there are no cartridges in the chamber by pulling the slide back. Make sure not to release the slide without a loaded magazine because you will risk damaging the inside part of the slide as well as the barrel.

2. Barrel bushing removal

The GI-style models 1911 disassembly starts by pushing the slide back and pressing it on the plug with your thumb. Then, you need to rotate the barrel bushing clockwise. Remember that the plug is under pressure, so be careful. Use a bushing wrench to rotate the barrel bushing if you want to make the process simpler for you. Given that the recoil spring is under tension, you will have to allow it to easily extend. If you own a model with a full-length guide rod, use the hex wrench to remove the front portion of the guide rod.

3. Slide stop removal

After you cock back the hammer, pull back the slide and align the slide stop with the left side of the slide. Use your finger to push the slide stop out from the other side of the gun.

4. Slide removal

Now that the slide stop has been removed, pull the slide off from the front part of the frame. Push the assembly forward and detach it.

5. Recoil spring and barrel removal

If you have a GI-style 1911 gun, use the back of the slide to remove the recoil spring. You can now rotate the barrel bushing counter-clockwise and remove the barrel easily from the slide. When it comes to full-length guide rod and bull barrel guns, you will need to remove the slide while the recoil spring is under tension. Pull the recoils spring gauge out. Use a bent paper clip and insert it into the small hole in the front part of the muzzle. Pull out the spring assembly, and after that, push the barrel forward and take it off the slide. Later on, we will explain how to clean 1911.

Magazine disassembly

Every time you eject the magazine and let it fall out on some sort of firm surface, you expose it to potential damage. It is extremely important for you to take care of the magazine and to treat it right because it is the weakest part of the 1911 weapon. Now, if you wonder how to disassemble a 1911’s magazine, we will provide you with the simplest trick. You should take a screwdriver or a bushing wrench and use it to push down on the follower. After that, take a paperclip or a nail and insert it into the second top hole, so it goes all the way through. Take the follower out of the magazine and be gentle while doing so. Now press your hand on top of the magazine and remove the punch that’s holding the spring.

Cleaning

Even though maintaining a gun can be such a boring and complex experience, cleaning 1911 is really very simple, and it won’t take much of your time. We believe you already know how important it is to keep your weapons clean, so we won’t give you a speech on that subject now. In order to do this job properly, you will have to prepare a cleaning kit that includes a solvent, lube, nylon brush, and several clean patches.

Step 1: Clean the barrel

Place a patch soaked with a gun cleaning solvent on top of the cleaning rod and push it through the bore of the barrel. Move the rod up and down, and repeat this step several times with a clean patch. That way, you will remove the lead residue and copper that broke under the action of the solvent. Now take a dry and clean patch and run it through the chamber and bore. You need to remove all the dirt, so repeat this step also for a few times. In the end, you can use an old toothbrush to scrub the chamber area and ramp.

Step 2: Clean the slide

In order to make the slide of the pistol clean as well, you will have to spray it with a CLP, and then to wait for a little while until the solvent breaks the powder residue. Make sure all the dirt falls out of the slide, and not into it. The next step includes taking a brush and scrubbing the interior of the slide, as well as rail and chamber face. After you scrub everything pretty good, it is time to move on to soft clean patches you will use to wipe both the interior and the exterior of the slide.

Step 3: Clean the frame

The last step regarding cleaning the 1911 process is cleaning the gun frame. First, make sure to remove the grip if it is sensitive to regular gun solvents and can be damaged by them. Then you can spray the frame with CPL and leave it for some time so the chemicals can start dissolving the dirt. Make sure that the solvent doesn’t go inside of the frame, but to drip outside. Now take a toothbrush you no longer use and scrub the rails. In order to remove unapproachable debris, you can use a pick. In the end, wipe everything with clean patches.

Step 4: Clean the magazine

Soak patch or a swab with an adequate solvent, and then rub the inside and the outside of the magazine body with it. Clean the follower and the spring as well. After that, take a clean cloth and wipe out the entire magazine and all its parts. It is essential not to leave excess lube on the magazine in order to prevent the malfunction of the weapon. 

Lubrication

When it comes to this part of gun maintenance, it is essential to remember that less is more. That means that you should be very careful not to exaggerate with gun oil usage. The small amount will be enough to keep the firearm fully functional, but if you overstep with its usage, you are risking attracting and cumulating dirt more easily. After you thoroughly cleaned your gun, you need to apply gun oil at the right points, very carefully. First, you should place a few drops at places where barrel lugs meet, then on the outside of the barrel, and on the outside of the muzzle. It would be good to apply oil on each rail, both outside and inside of it.

Reassembly

After you did all the work, it is time to reassemble your gun and return it to its original shape. It would be good to first position the slide assembly upside down and check if the barrel link is forward. Then place the frame onto the slide and insert the slide stop. Now you need to retract the slide rearward and to push the slide stop down into the frame. Make sure not to scratch the frame while doing that. After you put all the parts together, you should function check your gun. That includes inserting unloaded magazine and racking the slide that should lock in place. You should then press the trigger in order to drop the cocked hammer, and see if the thumb safety works. In the end, check if the magazine release works – if it’s empty, it should fall free. Now, you can place your weapon into the 1911 shoulder holsters if you prefer concealed carry, and carry on with your favorite activities with your gun safely on you.

How to Clean a Gun and How Often Should You Clean it?

If you are a proud owner of a gun, you certainly know how important it is to clean it on a regular basis. It is a well-known fact that a clean gun is a safe gun – with a clean firearm, the chances of accidental discharge will be on the lowest possible level. So clearly, cleaning the weaponry is not something that’s based on esthetics, but on functionality and safety. 

With guns, everything is about protocol and following the exact steps, because otherwise, you risk causing physical injuries and damages of serious proportions. So today we are going to guide you through a process of cleaning the weapons, without leaving out any detail. 

Step 1: Preparation

When cleaning a gun, you should do it in a bright room with good airflow, so you can make sure you won’t create any mistakes and that you won’t be affected by the cleaning chemicals. It would be good to do the whole procedure in some spacious corner that will provide you with enough room to work smoothly, with everything you need just in front of you.

The best place to do this is in a garage, or even better outside if it’s not raining or freezing. You need to use a sturdy surface, you cannot risk the foundation you work on being unstable. And it is important not to clean your gun on a dining table, kitchen surface, or any other place where people are eating and drinking because of the risk of contamination. Gun cleaning products are based on solvents and oils, and there is also lead and carbon fouling you don’t want to end up in your food.

The next step includes removing any live ammunition from the room you are going to use for gun cleaning. It is a safety measure. That way, you will eliminate the risk of mishandling the weaponry and endangering you and other people you live with. SO leave the ammunition in a gun safe or some other room you are not using for cleaning purposes.

Step 2: Read the manual

Even if you already have read the manufacturer’s manual that came with the gun, now is the time to go through it again. You will find there all the necessary information and detailed explanations on how to disassemble and clean your firearm correctly. Every gun has a specific structure and mechanism, and even though the cleaning procedure is a universal one, you will have to know how exactly your gun works in order to perform this the right way. The manual will provide you with everything you need to know in order to disassemble, clean your gun the safest possible way, and reassemble it again. The great thing is that manuals usually come with colored pictures that explain every step visually, so you won’t get confused at any point.

Step 3: Prepare your tools

Not all guns clean the same way and with the same tools, but in most cases, these are the things you will have to own in order to do the work properly. First, make sure you have a cleaning rod of the appropriate size, a bore brush for a specific calibre, then some double-ended brushes, mops, cleaning swabs, and cleaning jugs. Also, you will need lint and fibre-free cleaning patches for the proper calibre, cotton swabs, a lustre cloth, bore snake, and of course, adequate cleaning products.

The fact is, you can find most of these items in kits that are designed for a specific calibre, and if you are missing something, you can always purchase it separately. Make sure to have the appropriate items for your calibre, some things are universal, but most of them are created to clean a certain calibre of a weapon only. It would be good to get yourself a rubber mat so you can protect the outer surface of your gun from scratching when cleaning it. Also, the cleaning cradle is a good investment if you own long guns since it will keep the firearm steady and in the right position while allowing you to use both your hands for cleaning purposes.

It would be good that you do the cleaning with safety glasses on, so you can protect your eyes from springs and debris that will fly around, as well as from chemical vapours. The gloves are another thing you should consider having, the solvent-resistant ones, in order to keep your hand safe and unburned by the previously mentioned chemicals.

Step 4: Start with a cleaning

We are now going to present you with basic steps to cleaning a gun safely. Of course, bear in mind that some of the details will be different depending on the type of gun you own.

Remove magazine

First, you need to remove the magazine, and to make sure your gun is unloaded. It is an essential step, and you cannot allow yourself to be careless and forget to do that immediately. It is a matter of safety.

Clean the barrel and the chamber

The next step includes using a bore brush to remove large pieces of carbon and metal fouling from the barrel and chamber. You need to do it in a muzzle direction. Then dip a patch that’s intended for cleaning in bore solvent and place it on the cleaning rod you want to use. Push the rod through the barrel, but do not pull it back. If you do that, you will bring the dirt right back into the bore, and you definitely don’t want to do that.

Now wait for 15 minutes so that the solvent can do its work, and after that, take the bore brush and push it inside of the barrel in order to scrub the interior of it. Keep doing that with clean and dry patches until you remove all dirt from it, and until the patch comes out entirely clean.

Now take a bore snake or any other pull-through tool that’s covered with a light lubricant, and push it through the gun barrel in order to treat the surface against corrosion. But make sure not to lubricate the bore with gun oils, unless you are not planning on using the gun soon. In case you do that, you will have to clean the barrel and remove this substance from it before shooting the firearm next time.

Clean and lubricate the action

After you took care of the barrel, you need to make sure the action part that includes the pump, slide, or bolt is clean as well. In order to do that, you will have to use a dry cloth, utility brush, and action cleaner solvent. Spray it and leave the metal and carbon debris to resolve. Make sure to use the recommended solvent for your gun type. If you are not sure which one is adequate, check that information with the gun manufacturer. Now, wait for it to dry completely.

The next step included using the needle applicator and applying lubricant drops properly, as the manual says. You need to place it at the specified points of the frame, slide assembly, and exterior of the barrel. Don’t exaggerate with the lubricant because you may cause the dirt to collect rapidly, and that can interfere with the gun’s functionality.

Clean the magazine

It’s important not to forget to clean the magazine as well, especially if you are using a semi-automatic weapon. You need to check the manufacturer’s manual and properly disassemble, clean, and reassemble this part if you want to make sure your gun will remain reliable and fully functioning all the time. Make sure to wear safety glasses for this part, since the magazine followers are spring-loaded. There are specially designed brushes for that, and residue-free solvent or cleaning agents you can use. Do not lubricate the magazine, ever, and do not use petroleum products because they can contaminate ammunition primers.

Reassemble the firearm

Again, given that every piece of weaponry is designed in a specific way, you need to check in the manual the exact steps on how to reassemble your gun. After you do that, you need to perform a functional check in order to make sure that the gun operates properly. It is essential to see if the trigger and safety mechanisms are working correctly, as well as if the slide operation, magazine retention, locking, and ejection systems are fully functional.

Clean the outside of the gun

Don’t be lazy and forgetful about cleaning the outer side of the gun as well in the end. After every interior part is cleaned and well lubricated, it is time to make sure the same applies to the exterior. All you need for this step is a regular gun cloth that will help you remove all the grease and impurities from the gun shell. These cloths are specially designed and pre-lubricated, so they can easily bring back the cleanliness and shininess of your gun.

The frequency of gun cleaning

In order to understand why it is so important to clean your gun on a regular basis, you need to know what exactly happens when you use it. Whenever you shoot from your gun, the ammunition cartridge primer creates the flame, and that flame ignites the gunpowder. That process always leaves small traces of gunpowder inside the barrel, but also on the internal parts of the action. Then, as the bullet goes through the barrel, the metal it is made of will also leave traces in the barrel. If you don’t clean your weapon properly, and as often as you should, all this dirt can affect its accuracy and reliability. You risk gun malfunction that can create very dangerous situations. Besides that, the ash that is created by the gunpowder burning will collect, and over time block the moving parts of the gun. And there is even a possibility it leads to corrosion by attracting the moisture. 

So if you want to prevent this from happening, clean your firearm on regular bases. The experts recommend doing that after every shooting session. After cleaning, you should always tend to apply a thin layer of lubricant or gun oil, especially to those parts that rub against each other. Not only will you make sure your gun is fully functional all the time if you do the cleaning process properly, but you will also prolong its lifespan for sure.

Conclusion

We can conclude that an essential part of owning a gun is knowing how to clean it. Yes, that takes some time, and yes, you will need to invest in cleaning products, but you need to bear in mind that the consequences of not doing that can be very dangerous and life-threatening. The responsible gun owner will make sure his weapon is always ready to be used, reliable, and functional like it just came out of the store. It’s not about esthetics, but about safety, and that’s something you should always remember.

Archery Guide for Beginners: All You Need to Know

Archery became very popular in the last few years, all over the world. As it turns out, a huge number of people would like to master the skill of operating bow and arrows. It’s an attractive thought knowing how to hunt with weaponry our ancestors relied on. But the thing is, there’s a lot you need to know first regarding archery basics. So we decided to present you with a thorough guide to archery that should be very helpful if you are into this subject. We are going to start with how to get into archery, after which we will analyze all crucial aspects of bows and arrows, and in the end, you will be able to find some practical archery tips for beginners.

How to Get into Archery?

So, you would like to become a fierce bow shooter, but there’s just one problem, you have zero experience. That’s okay, there’s still hope for you. The first thing you should do, and that’s what all the archery experts suggest, is to go to a local archery shop and gather some information from their personnel. These people are the treasury of knowledge when it comes to this topic, and they will be glad to introduce you with the elemental things about this warrior discipline.

Since you will most definitely need some lessons, find out what’s a good archery program and who is the best instructor in your town. It is very important to have an experienced and well-educated person on your side when you start learning archery because basics are everything in this world, and if you master them properly, you will be able, with time, to conquer this category.

The second crucial thing – don’t rush to buy your equipment, rent it at first. High-quality bow, arrows, and all other necessary stuff you may need will cost a certain amount of money, so you don’t want to make a mistake there. Your equipment needs to fit you perfectly. That way, you should take your time, try the rental, learn on it, and afterward, you can start thinking about investing in your own archery gear.

Be patient. Things don’t happen overnight. It will take time for you to learn how to have a proper posture, how to calm your hands, to focus on the target, and aim with great precision. The whole process will depend on your head-eye-hand coordination, and your physical strength needs to be on an adequate level. And remember that safety is the number one priority, so make sure to master that area first.

Bows and Arrows for Beginners

Nobody can tell you what the best bow for you as a beginner is. The truth is, you will have to try several different types so you can decide and determine which one suits you ideally. It is the matter of shooting style and the intention that stands behind it. If you would like to simply practice target shooting and nothing else, a recurve bow might be a great solution. But if you are interested in archery because you want to go hunting one day, then the compound bow is probably the one you should be looking for. Bear in mind that draw length and draw weight are the things you need to consider as well. In the matter of arrows, aluminum ones are perfect for beginners because you need to practice, and they are pretty durable, they won’t break easily.

The Two Main Types of Bows

The very first thing you need to purchase when the time comes, besides archery targets, is the bow. The quality of the bow is super important since it can improve your performance in shooting significantly, and it can provide you with much-wanted consistency. Here are two types of bows that are most popular and most commonly used by both beginners and experienced shooters.

1. Recurve Bows

Recurve bows are very practical to use because they don’t need much tuning, but it is important to get your measurements right. They are usually being used for target shooting by beginners, and also by professional Olympic competitors, but it’s not rare that experienced hunters decide to make a recurve bow their weapon of choice. Their simplicity is their biggest advantage, and they have an elegant, graceful design. Thanks to the way the recurve bow is constructed, with a curve that exists even when the bow is unstrung, the great amount of energy can be stored there and transferred to the arrow.

2. Compound Bows

Compound bows have a more complicated structure than recurve bows. They are a bit more difficult to tune, and you probably won’t be able to do it yourself, without the help of an expert. But if they are set perfectly, they can provide you with great accuracy, and they will be very easy to use. The compound bow is the favorite among hunters because of its speed and great force it can offer. If you take a look at a bow of this type, you will see there are rounded wheels on both ends that hold the drawstring. Those are the cams, and they are one of the main reasons the force of the bow can multiply and provide you with a strong and powerful output.

Parts of a Bow: The Basics

Archery for beginners can be tricky, so we decided that it’s necessary to include an explanation of parts of your weapon. We are talking about archery basics, so prepare yourself for the first lesson – parts of a bow.

  • Riser – The first thing we need to comment on is the riser of the bow that you will hold with your hand when you become ready to shoot. It connects two limbs, the upper and lower part, and it houses the arrow rest. It also features the grip and sight window. The arrow rest is the spot where you will place the back of your arrow when you draw the string. It will provide a good balance to your arrow, and it will help you with aiming part. The sight window is a spot through which you will be looking in order to fixate the aim on your target, and a grip is a place where your hand goes.
  • Nock – The nock or nocking point is the small metal part that is located in the middle of the bowstring, and it’s the place where you need to attach the back of your arrow because it will hold the arrow level properly. It will allow the arrow to rest on its place, on a string, when you start drawing it and aiming at the target.
  • Limbs – Limbs are two bent sides of a bow that are connected with a riser. They need to be set up and attached correctly in order for the bow to perform well. Limbs can be made from different materials, metal, and wood mostly, and they are often laminated with fiberglass or some other similar substance.
  • Bowstring – Bowstring is a thread that holds both sides of the limbs connected. It’s the movable part of the bow, and it can be made from various materials. It will provide force for the arrow when being shot, and it’s the part you need to draw. The bowstring is a part where the nocking point is placed.

bow and arrow on the ground

How to Choose Arrows?

When it comes to choosing bows and arrows for beginners, it is essential to get to know all their main characteristics and to pick those that are most reliable, durable, and easy to use. After we finished with bows, it is time to explain to you what are the main parts of arrows, and what are the terms we use to describe their performance. If you wonder how to learn archery, it’s by knowing all about your tools and gear.

  • Fletchings

Fletchings are the part of an arrow that has its place on the backside, and that’s the part that stabilizes arrows during the flight. They can be made from vanes and feathers. Vanes are actually created from plastic, and they are suitable for compound bows. They are very popular and often used because they are super durable and waterproof. Those made of feathers are more delicate, but they will offer you a significant amount of stability and accuracy. Traditional archers prefer using them, as well as competitive indoor shooters. They are not waterproof, but if you use specially designed sprays and powders, they can be water-resistant.

  • Arrow Shaft Materials

Arrows can be made of wood, aluminum, and carbon. Those designed from wood are the most traditional ones, but since they can easily break, they are not suitable for beginners and shooters that prefer using a compound bow that will push them with a great amount of force. The aluminum arrows are the most common ones. They are super durable and have a long lifespan, so both beginners and experienced archers tend to use them. They are suitable for compound and recurve bows, and if you are into target practicing, you should definitely choose them. The last ones made of carbon are the best hunting arrows, and only people with a considerable amount of knowledge in this field should make them their choice.

  • Arrow Spine

The spine is a measurement that shows the arrow’s ability to flex. The manufacturer will always mention the spine number, so you can know what to expect from an arrow. The rule is – the higher the number is, the more flexible arrow will be. It is important to be consistent with your arrows, which means using only the ones with the same spin so you can improve your performance over time. It is not recommended to mix them up. If you own a bow with heavy draw weight, you will need stiffer arrows, and in case of a bow with lower draw weight, more flexible arrows should be your choice.

  • Nock Fit

If you are thinking about doing this professionally, you need to pay attention to this detail. Your bowstring and arrow nock need to perfectly fit. When you place your arrow on the nocking point, it has to easily click onto the bowstring, so it can be released with a light tap only. But make sure the nock is not too tight, because in that case, the release of an arrow will have a certain amount of hold-up, which will affect its accuracy. On the other hand, if the nock is too loose, the arrow will fall off the string when you start drawing it.

  • Arrow Length

The length of an arrow is also something that will affect your shooting performance. The length is measured from the throat of the nock to the back of the point. It is important to know what is your draw length in order to know how long the arrow you will need. Ideally, the arrow length should be one inch less than your draw weight, if you want your arrow to end at the front of the riser. But it can also be longer if you would like to soften its spine.

Essentials for Beginner Archers

Well written archery guide need to include all other pieces of equipment, besides bows and arrows, you may need when hunting or target practicing. That’s why this next chapter will be dedicated to the importance of having an armguard, a bow case, quiver, gloves, etc.

  • Armguards

It’s not that rare for the bowstring to strike your firearm when you release an arrow, and that can burn quite bad. So in order to avoid that we suggest you get yourself an armguard. It’s quite an affordable piece of gear that can protect you from bowstring’s bite. It will also keep your sleeves intact and undamaged. 

  • Quivers

Having a quiver will make your job much easier since your arrows will be in one place, just at the reach of your hand. It’s a bag designed to welcome your arrows, and it can be designed to go on your back around your shoulder, on your waist attached to your belt, or there is a modern solution where a quiver can be connected to your bow.

  • Sights

The sight for the bow is exactly the same as what the scope for the rifle is. It is a piece of gear that doesn’t come with a bow always, so quite often you will need to purchase it separately, and then attach it to the weapon properly. It will help you aim better, and therefore have much better performance when shooting.

  • Releases, Tabs or Gloves

All three of these things will protect your fingers when firing an arrow. Releases or release-aids have to be attached to the bowstring, and they are triggered by the thumb and index finger. You will need to aim and squeeze them in order to launch arrows. Besides protecting you, they can improve your shooting accuracy. Tabs and gloves are being used by shooters who prefer finger releasing, and they are usually made of leather, in many sizes.

  • Bow Case

Given that bows are pretty sensitive and can be damaged easily, you should probably get a bow case, especially if you travel from your home to the shooting range quite often. There are soft and hard cases, so you can choose them according to your needs. Hard cases will offer you more protection, and they are suitable for airline traveling, but most archers prefer soft cases because they are lighter and allow you to organize additional gear better.

  • Tools and Other Accessories

Besides these previously mentioned items, you will probably need a few more things in order to complete your target practicing or hunting gear. There is a bow stringer that can help you stringing your longbow or recurve bow, a bow stand that can be quite useful when you are not using your weapon, a string wax that needs to be applied on a bowstring in order to protect it, and arrow lube that will increase its performance regarding releasement.

How to Practice Archery?

The easiest way to get started with archery is at archery ranges. Those are the places where you can get your first lessons and basic knowledge. The great thing is, range employees will probably make you take an introductory safety class where you will learn how to always make sure you and everybody around are safe while you are shooting. Also, shooting ranges have experts that will evaluate what the proper bow for you is, and what are the arrows that are suitable for it. They will let you rent the equipment until you are sure you are ready to invest in your own archery essentials. Another benefit of going to the local range is the fact you are going to meet some like-minded people who will probably be ready to share their experience with you and give you some advice.

Another option is to stay home and learn what you can from the Internet. There are some seriously good sites that can provide you with the perfect amount of information that will help you stop being such ignorant. Certainly, it won’t be enough, they can offer you only theoretical knowledge, so at some point, you will have to get up, go out, and search for the place where you can get a real experience.

The third solution is to get private or group lessons from an experienced instructor. That thing will cost a bit more than going to the range because you will get undivided attention from your teacher, but most people who went through it claim that it was worth it. It’s not rare that many archery shops offer group classes for both grown-ups and kids, so you should definitely consider applying to one of those.

Now that we came to the subject of kids who would like to get into the world of archery, it’s time to mention a huge number of programs that are at their disposal. We are talking about events organized through schools, camps, youth clubs, community centers, and bow hunting clubs. There’s a JOAD (Junior Olympic Archery Development) program for kids and young adults who are between 8 and 20 years old, OAS (Olympic Archer In the Schools) that will provide them with great challenges, NASP (National Archery In the Schools Program) that can offer them some basic archery knowledge, etc.

Archery Hunting Tips

In the end, it is time for some archery tips, especially if we are talking about archery hunting for beginners. Let’s see what you need to know and implement if you want to be a successful bowhunter.

Basics

First and foremost, you always need to have the right posture, otherwise, you risk injuring yourself or damaging the equipment. Second, always wear appropriate clothes. Stay away from the clothing that can interfere and affect your shooting. Third – use protective gear. It is important to have an armguard, and gloves or bow releases in order to make sure you will not be harmed by your own weaponry. Fourth – aim only on the target. It can be quite dangerous to aim at people, for the sake of fun, because accidents can happen. And the fifth rule is – don’t dry fire your bow! That means don’t pull back the bowstring and release it without an arrow. There’s little chance you won’t damage your bow by doing so.

Patience is the key

Many experienced bow hunters will tell you that this is the most valuable advice they have ever gotten. You need to know that hunting is a game only patient ones among you will win. You need to prepare for the scenario of you staying calm and still for hours, with the possibility of going home at the end of the day without prey. And you have to forbid yourself from feeling discouraged if something like that happens.

archery patient man waiting for the perfect shot

Practice, practice, practice

There will probably be only a few seconds for you to launch your arrow towards your target in order not to miss the opportunity, so it is crucial to be sure you won’t fail. That means that you have to practice all the time, in a shooting range, or your backyard, for hours if necessary. And it would be good to do all that with the entire equipment you are going to use and wear during hunting, just as you can get the appropriate feeling on what’s going to be like, and get used to it all.

Forget about deodorant

Animals have a refined sense of smell, so they can smell you from miles away and decide not to approach. So our suggestion is – forget about deodorant and all other chemicals that will change your natural odor. Now, the way our body smells can also be a problem, so it would be ideal to wash yourself with odor-free soap that will neutralize it all, every time for a couple of days before hunting. 

Conclusion

Now that you have all this knowledge, you can start your own archery journey. We hope the lines above were helpful, and that we provided you with all the basic information you were hoping for in order to feel free to step into the archery range and take a bow into your hands. Please be responsible, get to know all the parts bows and arrows are made of, take a safety class first, and then start practicing. You will see the progress every day, it’s just important to stay focused and encouraged. Good luck!

Different Types of Holsters and Their Usage

Gun holsters are such an innovative and practical solution for situations when you want or need to have your gun on you. Their main purpose is to provide you with a safe and easy to access place to put a gun in when you are on the move. There are several different types of holsters, and each of them is designed to follow your body constitution, and allow you to comfortably carry a gun. 

Now, not every holster will be suitable for every situation you may find yourself in. Some of them will be great for concealed carry, and some will be adequate for those scenarios when you don’t want to hide the fact that you have a gun on you. Holster style depends very much on your personal style, when it comes to the way you dress, and the way you want to carry your weapon.

There are five main types of gun holsters:

OWB

Outside the waistband holsters are designed to be worn on your belt, in a way that the gun case goes on its outer side, on your hip. They are the original gun holsters that were developed from old Western gun belts that had incorporated holsters on them. OWB holsters can be made of leather or high-quality plastic like Kydex. The gun shells are usually custom-moulded to welcome some specific gun models, but they can be generic and suitable for several different guns. OWB holsters are not recommended if you are looking for a concealed carry option, but they have so many other advantages.

IWB

Inside the waistband holster is pretty similar to the previously mentioned one, but unlike OWB holsters that will print on your shirt, IWB will stay hidden and undetected. When it comes to concealed carry, this type of holster is probably the best. It also needs to be attached to your belt, but on the inside, and it will be placed directly on your skin. Different materials can be used for IWB holsters. However, the most popular option, and the most comfortable one, is based on a combination of synthetic textile and Kydex shell. You will be able to wear your shirts tucked or untucked, as you wish, and you will have good access to your gun in both cases.

Shoulder holster

Shoulder holsters are super popular, and they are usually one of the first choices when it comes to everyday weapon carry. Their greatest advantage, besides the fact that they are very comfortable to wear, lies in their structure that doesn’t allow you to feel the weight of your weapon only at one place. Thanks to the belt system they distribute the weight of the gun equally on your entire upper body, so you won’t feel the burden of it. Other than that, they will allow you to have quick and easy access to the pistol placed in a shell, and they are usually fully adjustable, so you can make them fit you perfectly. Shoulder holsters are made of leather or soft and stretchy neoprene that’s breathable, so they will be a good solution for a long period of time weapon carry.

Ankle holster

This type of holster is mostly suitable for people who want to have a backup gun place on their body, just in case of an emergency. They are custom-molded or universal, but they are usually suitable for smaller gun types. These holsters are designed from two parts – from a gun case and a soft adjustable base that goes around your calf. The thumb break retention stripe is a must when it comes to the ankle holster because when you are on the move, it needs to hold your weapon in its place, no matter what. They are usually designed for military and law enforcement, and they need to be worn on your dominant leg so you can have easy and natural access to the gun.

Pocket holster

Pocket holsters are the least popular ones because they are pretty unreliable. Their design implies you need to place them inside of your pants pocket, and they rarely have any kind of additional security features. It may happen they fall out of the case, and there’s not even a retention strap that will hold them in their place, safe and secure. But some people are fond of them because of their simplicity. The experts say that if they are built in a high-quality manner, they can be reliable just like all other pistol holster types. They can be a good choice for concealed carry, and they are usually created from leather or some kind of thick cloth.

How to choose the right holster for you?

Choosing the right holster can be a bit tricky because they will all do pretty much the same thing, it’s just the matter of how you feel while wearing them, and how good of access to your weapon you have. You need to make sure they fit you perfectly and have all the important features you value the most.

Here are some tips you may find handy when the time for the holster purchase comes:

  • You should determine where you wanna place your holster, on what part of your body. The best advice we can give you is to go to the closest gun gear store and try them all on, each type of a holster. That should give you some insight into this matter.
  • Decide whether you want a moulded or universal gun case on your holster. If you own only one gun, then it would be better to buy a holster designed specifically for that model, but if you have more pieces of weapon, and you would like to use one holster for all of them than a generic case is the better option.
  • Make sure to understand there are several levels of retention. The first one will allow you to access your weapon quickly and easily, while others, on level 2 or 3 could make this move a bit more complicated. 
  • When choosing the right holster, bear in mind that it has to meet three main criteriait needs to be safe, accessible, and secure.

How to Reload Ammo?

If you are into weaponry, you must know that many people prefer reloading their ammunition themselves, instead of simply buying new rounds. There are several reasons for that, and in the next paragraph, we are going to cover that topic, but right now, you should know that you will meet some great benefits if you decide to become an ammo reloader yourself. Also, we are going to present to you all the things you will need for this assignment, as well as with some guidance on how to reload ammo. But bear in mind that this is not a game and that you need to be super careful with these presses.

Why Should You Reload Your Own Ammo?

As we previously mentioned, ammo reloading will bring many great things into your life. It will be a decision you won’t regret, but let’s be clear – you will need to invest in a good reloading press, you will have to be patient and to spend some time practicing, and you will need to dedicate your time to this whole process. Here are the most important reasons you should do it.

It’s economical

Most people start this journey because they are tight on a budget and want to save some money. Reloading ammo will pay off, that’s for sure, but this thing can be tricky because when you have more rounds on disposal, you will probably shoot more. For starters, you need to understand that this endeavor will need a certain investment, first in the reloading press that can cost from one hundred to a couple of hundreds of dollars, depending on its quality. Also, you will need to purchase shell holders, specific dies, and all other pieces of equipment. Now that you have everything you need, the amount of money you will save up depends on the caliber you use since the brass casing is the most expensive part of the round. For example, for 9mm, that’s pretty affordable anyway, you will be able to save up to 20 percent of the cost. But when it comes to more expensive rounds, like .308 is, reloading process will allow you to save more than 50 percent of the total cost.

It’s fun

If you are a passionate gun lover, there is no doubt you enjoy playing with your weapons – using them, cleaning them, upgrading them, and buying adequate gun gear. That’s why we are absolutely sure you will also love reloading ammunition. It is a process that will provide you with a sense of great accomplishment, especially if you enjoy engaging in DIY projects. There will be certain things you will need to master in the field of mechanics, and the time you will spend reloading ammo will definitely be well spent. Experienced shooters say that there’s nothing better than using your own rounds, the one you reloaded with great accuracy, that it’s something that brings even greater joy in shooting or hunting experience.

It will provide great accuracy

Many hunters and shooters decided to start reloading their ammo because that way, they can be sure each round will be more accurate. The reloading process will allow you to have customized ammo suitable for every piece of weapon you own. During the reloading process, you can add or reduce the amount of gunpowder in order to adjust the speed of the bullet as it goes through the barrel. That’s one way you can come to great accuracy. Another is to extend the length of the rounds, which means to set the bullets further away from the brass casings. That will reduce the amount of force the bullet needs to have in order to leave the casing.

It will bypass restrictive gun laws

As it turns out, it’s getting harder and harder to get the ammunition the regular way – by purchasing it in the store or online. That’s because gun laws are becoming more and more restrictive in this field. On the one hand, there are a great number of cities that prohibited online sales of ammunition, and on other, some states like California came out with a bill that demands to have an ammo license in order to purchase rounds. And even then, you can do it only through a licensed vendor. So as you can see, it can be quite difficult to provide yourself with these gun essentials. That’s why reloading presses and reloading processes became the thing many people choose. You won’t have to think about having enough ammunition for the next shooting practice or hunting season.

What do I Need to Reload ammunition?

Certainly, the first thing you need to purchase is a reloading press. It would be best to get a bench mounted one that’s made in a high-quality manner, by the reliable manufacturer. Later on, we will explain what are the main types of reloading presses, and provide you with information that will help you conclude which one could be the best choice for you.

Then, if you want to reload your own ammo, you will need the powder scale. The digital option is way more popular right now because of its accuracy and the fact it is super easy to use. The balance beam scale is another old-school option, but it works just as good if you know how to handle it. Then you will need a powder measure that will dispense the powder into the case. There are two types – press-mounted and bench-mounted. The first one can speed up the reloading process because you can get multiple measures and set them up permanently for different calibers. But if you like to experiment with different powder charges, it will be easier to use a bench-mounted powder measure that can be manually operated.

It is super important to have adequate reloading dies. They are steel made threaded cylinders you need to push the case up into. There are several types of dies available – resizing or decapping die, the carbide sizing die, expanding die, and bullet seating/crimping die. Other necessary stuff for the reloading process are firm and sturdy bench, shell holder, tumbler, bullet puller, storage boxes for loaded ammo, and manual. It is essential to study the instruction details and steps reloading press manufacturers provided for you in order to avoid making mistakes during this process.

How to Reload Ammo?

If you wonder how to reload ammunition, we are going to give you a step-by-step guide that could make it easier to understand and master this process. But bear in mind that we are not talking about any specific caliber and that these steps and the way you are doing them may be a bit different regarding this factor.

First, let us just remind you about all the essential parts of the bullet cartridge. We have the casing, the gunpowder, the bullet, and a primer. When it comes to the way every cartridge works, here is the most simple explanation – the gun hammer will hit the primer, which will then create an explosion that will light up the gun powder and push the bullet out of the barrel.

Now, let us begin with a reloading ammo process.

1. Reloading gun ammo

  • Clear the casing

The first thing you need to do is to remove any sort of filth or powder residue that’s been left behind in brass cases. You can use a soft cloth and rub the inside of the case with it. After that, you should lubricate it in order to prevent it from getting stuck in the sizing die. Also, you need to make sure every casing is in perfect shape and throw away all of them that have some sort of cracks, bulges, or dents.

  • Remove the used primer

After this step, you should insert the case into the right place at the reloading press, making sure the handle is up. Then you need to bring the handle down in order to resize the case and to remove the used primer from it. At this moment, you should raise the handle again, take out the casing, and repeat the process with another one. It’s great that some presses allow you to place and do this step on more casings at once.

  • Insert the new primer

Now that you have removed the used primer, you need to insert a new one. In order to do that, you should put the case in a shell holder, pull the handle up, and place the primer into the primer arm. Then you just need to lower the case onto the positioned primer. The process is done. Check if the primer is aligned with a case and repeat this step with another one.

  • Reload the casing with powder

You need to understand that the type and amount of powder needed are different for each caliber. That’s why you have to research this subject thoroughly and know the precise details. The next step is to weigh the powder. You can do that manually each time, or you can use calibrated dipper or volumetric powder measure. For placing powder into the casing use funnel, and make sure to get the exact amount. Also, it is important to clean the reloading area from any spilled powder because it can damage your equipment.

  • Seat the bullet

You need to be careful at this point. You have to place the bullet above the open casing, and then to lower the press handle so that it can make your round compact. Make sure to adjust the seater in the right way so you can be sure the bullet goes as deep into the case as you wish. This step is the final one when it comes to reloading your ammunition. After that, you simply need to place the ammo into the appropriate box that will be stored separately from your guns.

2. Reloading shotgun ammo

Reloading ammunition for a shotgun is a bit different. You should know that each shotgun shell has five components – there is an empty hull, plastic wadding, primer, powder, and lead balls.

  • Check empty shells

Since the shotgun shell is the only thing that’s reusable in this matter, you need to check if there are any damages around its mouth. The best way to do that is to hold it up to the light and look for splits or some significant wear. If there are any, then you need to throw it away because it cannot be used again after all. It’s generally not good to use those shells that were on the ground, exposed to different soil conditions and risk of people stepping on them, and the best ones are usually those removed directly from the gun.

  • Remove the spent cap

The second step demands you to place an empty shell that’s in good condition into the reloading press and pull the lever in order to remove the spent cap. That way, you will also resize the cap to the appropriate level according to the specifications.

  • Fill the shell with powder

Again, when it comes to this step, you need to know precisely what type of powder you need, and what is the right amount you can use. In order to get to that information, consult with an expert or some reliable guide. This phase includes measuring the powder with suitable equipment, just like we mentioned above when we talked about reloading gun ammo and placing a primer.

  • Place a wadding

You now need to use the lever in order to place a wadding and the right number of shots. Bear in mind that different gauge shells use different sizes of the shots. For example, for the one that’s made from 12 gauge 7.5, 8 and 9 size shots will be appropriate.

  • Crimp the shell

The last step is to rotate the reloader so you can crimp the shells closed. After that, all you have to do is to place them in a secure box and store them away. Your shotgun rounds are now ready for use.

Types of Reloading Presses

There are three different types of reloading presses you can find in the market. Some of them are better for beginners, some for professional and experienced shooters, some of them are designed to load one round at the time, and some can be much faster and more productive. 

  • Single-stage press

Single-stage presses are created in a way that allows them to hold only one dime at the time. They are the most simple versions, and they are most commonly used for rifle ammo reloading. These presses are the most affordable, but also the least productive ones, and they are suitable for people who are learning the process of reloading for beginners. Most things with these presses are done manually, including priming, but some of them have priming attachments.

  • Turret press

This is one of the most popular and best-selling reloading presses because it has a priming arm and a press mounted powder measure that will allow you to load a lot of rounds in a short period of time. One of their advantages is that you can purchase empty die plates and then load them with all dies you need for one caliber. The price range of this press type goes from very cheap and affordable to pretty expensive ones, depending on the brand name and quality they are made.

  • Progressive press

This is the most serious reloading press that’s suitable for people who need to load lots of rounds in the shortest period of time. They are quite complex, and beginners won’t be able to handle them easily. The thing that separates them from turret presses is the fact they have a rotating shell holder plate, and not the die plate. And not only that – at the bottom part they have several shell holder locations, not only ones like a single stage or turret presses. It has the capacity to load hundreds of rounds per hour, and most processes are automated.

Conclusion

If you read this text, there is no doubt you will become an ammo reloading expert. It’s not because we provide you with everything you needed to know, because these are only the essential steps and the whole thing is more complex than that, but because you must be really interested in this subject. And our experience showed that every shooter who engaged himself in this process mastered it completely. It’s something that excites weapon lovers and gives them a sense of great value. We are great reloading supporters, and we believe that there are only benefits you can get from reloading your ammunition. The only thing you need to invest is your time.

Bow Hunting Deer Tips and Tricks

bow hunting deer tips and tricks featured image

Deer hunting is no joke, it’s an experience most hunters prepare themselves for years. This animal is fast, it’s big, and it’s not easy to catch. Deer have some great instincts that will make it quite hard for you to hunt them down. So it’s super important to know their movement, the way they behave, to know where exactly to shoot, and how to lure them into the trap.

But most importantly, you should know that it’s not the same if you engage yourself into this experience in the early season, during the rut, or in the late-season time. That’s why we wanted to provide you with bow hunting tips and tricks that can be helpful during each of these phases.

How to Bow Hunt?

You definitely want to be ready for this hunting season, especially if you are determined to capture a deer by yourself. In order to do that you need to embrace certain suggestions and deer hunting tips.

1. Practice

You should have it in your body, and your hands, the whole experience before you even go into a real hunt expedition. That means that you should go into the woods and practice body movement, the angle you are going to shoot, and the patience you will need to have. Your equipment must be prepared such as hunting bows or crossbows, and bow hunting arrows ready for a shoot.

practicing bow hunting image

(Source of photo: Business photo created by wirestock – www.freepik.com)

2. Learn deer anatomy

No matter what weapon you are planning to use during the hunt, you need to know where exactly you should aim and shoot. Experienced bowhunters have several options, but beginners should try hitting the lung area of deer’s body because it is large, hard to miss, and deadly. It is important not to let an animal suffer.

3. Lose the scent

Deer have a great sense of smell, so it is crucial to make sure they don’t know you are close to them. The experienced hunters suggest you start using scent control soap to wash yourself a week before hunting because it can make all the difference, and then put on an activated carbon clothing. This is one of the most significant bow hunting tips.

4. Patience is everything

You need to learn how to stay calm but alert all the time. Deer hunting is a mind game, and your body has to stay really steady for long periods of time. Sometimes it will take hours to get your eyes on the target, and it is essential to know how to stay put and move extremely discreetly.

5. Be ready to fail

There’s no guarantee your hunting day will end up with a victory, so it is very important to prepare yourself for failure. It may happen you don’t even see a deer, or if that even happens, you may be too far from the target or unable to have a clear shot. The idea is to embrace and enjoy the whole experience, no matter what.

Early Season Hunting Tips

There is no doubt that the early season is the best for hunting deer. That’s because they are very relaxed since they haven’t met too many humans up to that point, and they move a lot looking for the summertime food that’s on their disposal everywhere. In this phase, three things are crucial – for you to have a good hunting plan, to keep the pressure on an animal minimal, and to target the right areas and routes.

Hunting plan

Your hunting plan needs to be established a week or two before the official start of the season. That way, you will have everything in its place, and deer won’t be scared by humans walking around their habitat. That will allow you to have them unprepared for what’s coming, and it will increase your chances of success. So control that urge of yours and don’t go to hunting spots too early. Let animals relax and get comfortable enough.

Minimal pressure

It is clear that you want to get to know your prey better and to learn as much as you can about their behaviour and their movement. But it is crucial not to scare them away and make them run too early in the game. Bowhunting implies having close contact with an animal, but for starters, you should use cameras to get more information about deer.

Also, if you decide to take your position in a field and try having a good look at what’s going on, you need to make sure to use unscented cloth, or naturally scented hunting gear.

Target the right routes

If you wonder how to bow hunt deer, or more precisely, how to prepare for this endeavour, you should know that targeting deer routes will do half of the job. Deer like eating food with a high level of sugar, like nuts, fruit, acorn, etc. If you establish sports where they usually eat, you will have a great advantage. Using cameras for this purpose is a great option, because that way, you will not scare them away, and you will also get to know where their sleeping place is.

Deer are sometimes predictable animals that will follow their routine and patterns, so targeting their routes will be a huge win for you.

bow hunting in the woods photo

Hunting During the Rut

Bowhunting deer during the rut isn’t something many hunters will look forward to. It is the phase when most of the gun hunters already created great pressure on deer, so they are pretty scared and in hiding. The chances of seeing and killing a deer at this stage are therefore pretty low. However, there are hunters who find this to be the challenge. Only extremely experienced bow hunters will be able to score a kill at this point, which is then classified as the greatest accomplishment. Here are two deer hunting tips and tricks that could help you to end up like a winner after all.

Follow the does

Even though most hunters won’t engage themselves in hunting does, the information where the girls are can be out of great importance because bucks will always be close by. This is the time of the year when deer are only thinking about does, so if you find them, you will find bucks too. Certainly, locating does won’t be easy either. At this stage, having good instincts and knowing the land well are two most important things.

Now, if you were hunting the early season too, and not just during the rut, you will probably have more chances of knowing where the does are. In the early season, you had time to establish where they congregate and show up.

Rely on ears

You wouldn’t believe how much information you can gather by simply using your ears and listening to what’s going on around you. If you focus on what are the noises in the hunting area, you may establish there’s a buck close by who is searching for does, or maybe two of them in the middle of the fight. This thing can help you determine what your hunting plan should be. The first option is to find the perfect position, strike a pose, and simply wait for deer to show up. But that may take several hours, and it can be quite boring.

Another option is to stalk the buck. However, since these tactics can be pretty difficult and exhausting, most bowhunters will go with the alternative, but based on certain notes they made about sounds coming from the environment. It would be best to come to the area in the early morning, listen to what’s going on with bucks, and then come back later during the day to score a kill. It may happen other gun hunters scare deer away in the meantime, but that’s always the risk at this stage.

Late Season Deer Hunting

The late-season is the time when experienced hunters can prove themselves to be great. Hunting the late season brings in a great number of difficulties. Deer are mostly well hidden since the previous period was very stressful for them, the weather is cold, and it is way less comfortable to stay out all that time, and you have to have some great skills and techniques regarding hunting. You have to really know how deer behave at this point, and you must master the skill of remaining unnoticeable if you want to succeed. So the bow hunting deer tips are crucial now.

Follow the food

When the weather starts becoming cold, there will be fewer food deer can find and consume. In the end, when the winter comes, it will totally disappear under the blanket of snow. This means bucks will move less, they will stay away from the wide-area that don’t have much to offer them and focus on a zone that’s filled with something to eat.

Your only chance to find deer at this phase is to know where the food is. Look for the field full of crops and wait for them to show up, you won’t miss them for sure. Also, the good thing is you will be easier to follow their activities and their movement with snow on the ground.

deer in the nature image

Be undetectable

Previous two hunting phases spooked and traumatized deer tremendously, so they are now, in a late hunting season, super careful and cautious. They will only move through an established route, and if they notice even the slightest changes, there’s a possibility they will run away for good. That’s why it is essential you don’t scare them with your presence.

In order to determine what their usual behaviour is, you should use cameras. And if or when the time for bow hunting comes, make sure not to spread your scent. Use scent-free clothing, and camouflage well.

Conclusion

As we previously mentioned, deer hunting is a serious thing that demands a lot of preparation, patience, and a great amount of knowledge. You need to get to know the animal you are pursuing in every possible aspect, but also, you need to know all the tips and tricks that could help you end the hunting season with a win. In the end, bear in mind that it’s not the same if you engage in hunting in the early, late season, or during the rut. Each phase has its own rules, and it is crucial to prepare yourself well for the exact stage.

Things to Consider Before Buying a Gun Safe

Just how important is it to own a gun safe these days? Here’s the truth: more people own guns these days than ever before. You are probably one of them and to many, it’s almost seen as a necessity. Our reasons to own one differ but regardless of the reason you use your gun for, safe storage is a must.

Guns were designed just for that. They may be bulky and expensive but the best ones will keep your guards organized and safe. Even your loved ones will be secure and free from harm when you have a gun safe in your home.

More reasons as to why all gun owners need a gun safe include:

  • Safety from theft
  • Safety from fire damage
  • Stores the gun together with accessories

Of course you will want to own a great gun safe and we are here to assist you to make the right decisions. First off, if you have more than one gun, compile a list detailing each of them.

Also compile a list of all the gun accessories you have including rings, scopes, grips, speedloaders, magazines, and such. Add on to that every other item you feel will be safe enough in the gun safe. This could be anything from binoculars, conversion kits, shooting glasses to bi-pods, multi-purpose tools and so much more.

There are plenty of things to consider before moving on to purchasing the best gun safes. We hope that through our list, you will save yourself from the pain of having to sort through dozens of collections by finding out what really makes a great sun-safe or rather how to choose the perfect gun safe.

1. Item value

How valuable your guns and accessories are will influence your choice of a gun safe. If the items are extremely valuable, you will certainly go for a safe with advanced security features and vice versa. It’s also recommended that you calculate the replacement value of the said items and use the comparisons to narrow down on a proper choice.

2. Construction

Steel forms the most important and costly part of a gun safe. It’s what keeps the burglars and other bad guys away. Both the door and walls should have a significant thickness of steel.

Wall thickness: The wall’s thickness, as well as the shell strength, should be at the top of your list. To be precise, a proper gun safe will have a thicker and bulky 12-gauge steel. Some even use 10-gauge steel which is even thicker and stronger. Keep in mind that a higher gauge number means the steel is thinner.

The gun safe’s door outer sheet should not exceed 7 gauge. And while checking the steel thickness don’t fall for the ‘total door thickness’ descriptions, it’s a trap; only look at the steel’s thickness.

When the exterior is strong, there will be no break-ins and more importantly, all your guns, rifles, and accessories will be safer. If you are lucky enough to find those with concrete amalgamate linings, your items will even be safer.

Body wields: Another aspect to look out for is body wields. Properly welded seamless joints guarantee more protection. For the cheaply-priced safes, robotically welded joints are the preferred option as opposed to those joints welded by an individual. You can always check with the manufacturer to confirm this.

Bolts holes: Proper bolt holes will also add to the protection. Ensure they are well spaced and located near the edge of the base so as to secure the safe firmly to the ground. Those that have holes placed at the center aren’t exactly a good option.

3. Size and Weight

Gun safe capacity: Advertised gun safe capacity can be misleading. More often than not, the advertised capacities hardly put into consideration extra features the guns may have, for instance, pistol grips, mag wells, or long barrels.

Further, those with better fire protection tend to have thicker walls than eat into its internal space. So you may end up with racks or a safe interior that only keeps probably half of the advertised capacity.

It’s best, therefore, to always read the reviews and dig up the features to ensure they are categorical on the gun capacity. Better yet, you can opt for a gun safe without an interior or you can go ahead to install the racks on your own.

If you see the possibility of your gun collection growing in the future, it will be best to go for the gun safe with more room.

Installation and dimensions: In the case where you look to install the safe in your house, there are a couple of different ways you can go about it. Sometimes the sizes end up an inch more or less than advertised. So if you are unable to visit a showroom to get the measurement, you can buy it first and come to install it later.

Weight: A heavier safe won’t be easy to lift from one place to another. That’s their major downside but for security purposes, a heavier safe is definitely a great choice. Gun experts also recommend that you consider the weight of a safe before making a purchase. A good example is a biometric rifle safe, some weigh up to 2500lbs. Most average RSC safes will have an average of 750lbs and that will do just as fine because it will be good for space and at the same time weighty enough to be easily carried around.

4. Fire and burglary protection

There a couple of states such as California where it’s mandatory to only own a gun safe that complies with the state’s DOJ requirements or has the UL Residential Security Container Rating (RSC).

RSC gun safes: UL 1037 Residential Security Container (RSC) is the minimum rating while Exceptional UL 1037 RSC rated safes are those that can resist against extreme attacks. A B-rate is the lowest level of solid protection you can have against extreme attacks. A B-rated safe will have 1/2-inch plate steel on its door while the walls will have ¼-inch plate steel.

If you need more protection, you can always opt for the higher-rated safes. Just in case you aren’t sure which rating is right for you, please seek to know from your state or the insurance company. Keep in mind that some of the cheap gun safes rarely have an RSC rating and such unreliable safes are no better than a typical gun cabinet or closet.

Hourly fire rating: A safe that can survive up to 1-hour of fire should be your starting point if you can afford one with an even higher rating that’s great. Those that can’t put up for one hour could be a huge risk because it usually takes hours to calm down a raging fire. However, if you can’t afford a safe that can meet the 1-hour rate, opt for the longest fire protection rate you can get at your budget. Ensure the fire protection is U.L rated or it’s been verified through an independent laboratory test.

5. Frequency of opening the safe

If you intend to use your weapon more often, perhaps daily, this will largely influence the type of gun safe you opt for. The same applies if you don’t intend to use it frequently. And this can take place in two ways.

First off, you can have your safe installed far away from your living areas if you won’t be using the gun frequently or you can opt for a separate handgun safe if you need your gun alongside you often.

Secondly, you can make the selection based on the type of locking mechanism. Here’s a closer look at the locking mechanism.

Type of locking mechanism: With many options available, it’s only fair to find out the good in each locking mechanism. A biometric lock is pretty fast because it only takes a touch of your finger to have it open. The same feature also makes them incredibly safe.

Quality electronic and dial locks that are U.L rated are sure to give you excellent protection. However, not all electronic locks are EMP resistant.

Redundant locks on the other side allow you to enjoy the good from both sides. They are a blend of an electronic and mechanical lock. You can always switch to the other one if one of them fails. If you intend to go for a mechanical lock, make an effort to have it serviced regularly.

6. Pricing

Prices of gun safes differ based on the manufacturer, brand, size, looks, the type of gun safe, security features, amongst many other factors. What’s more important is to take your budget into consideration when making a selection.

If you own guns and accessories that fall on the higher side of the price scale, you have every reason to purchase an advanced secure gun safe and that should cost probably 10-30% of the replacement value of your items.

Spare parts/maintenance: While making the purchase be sure to check out the availability of spare parts and maintenance services. You don’t wish to end up with a safe you can’t probably find a replacement electronic keyboard or biometric lock. Also, the earlier you make your purchase the better because steel prices and the prices of other materials that make up a gun safe seem to be on a gradual upward trend.

Be careful not to fall for the cheaper low-quality ones. Also worth mentioning is that there are some cheaper safes that are equally great as the expensive one.

7. Gun safe insurance

Want to insure your gun safe against fire, theft, or other factors? Just ensure you give your insurance company a call beforehand. And keep in mind that your gun safe will only be insured if it meets the set minimum requirements by the insurance company. However, some don’t recommend this move for the reason that your frequent premiums (for lower-priced safes) could over time total up to the amount you would pay for an advanced and extremely safe gun safe.

Shotgun Tips For Beginners

If shooting or hunting is your passion then yes, you can now fulfill all your dreams with your own passion. Having an interest in some of the enjoying and adventurous activities has now become very much common among young teenagers but how can you perform the best in this activity.

Numerous shooting spots and shotgun Ingham spots are there at which you can practice this activity to become a master. Hunting birds is a craze for some of the people and it is also a habit for the others.

Shotguns are usually and even broadly used for hunting the birds and thus, you can also use a high-quality shotgun during your performances to make it the best one.

The shotgun is a very powerful gun and it should always be kept safely as if it falls into the wrong hands then you are in big trouble. So to keep your Shotgun safe you must have a full proof Gun Safe. Sometimes the features of gun safes are not enough then you should opt for a Gun Safe Accessory.

Shotgunning is one of the best ways to do hunting. It is now easily available in different sizes as well as styles. If you really want to become a master in shotgun then yes, here are some of the best amend amazing shotgun tips for beginners by which you can transform yourself from just a rend beginner to a master or an expert.

Learning the basics with 100% clarity

What does the basic include? Don’t you really know the same? You must be aware of the very basic things including the best options to wear during shotgunning or much more.

Holding the shotgun correctly

You must hold the shotgun by putting your finger in the middle of the grip. This will surely help you, king, very well in the shotgunning.  You need to hold the gun with the firing hand with just a very light handshake and gently as well. Your shoulders and feet must have an appropriate distance so that you can feel a relaxation in your knees. You must not put your fingers on the trigger. Your eyes must also be in proper alignment with the shotgun.

Put the gun in firing position

When it comes to the firing position, you must put your gun snuggly into the shoulders by keeping your hands in a similar position. You must put your butt very firmly on your shoulder. If you are unable to put the shotgun tightly into your shoulders then it would surely push a kick and you may have to suffer from a drastic or almost unbearable pain. Your body will automatically absorb such pain by keeping the shotgun on your shoulders in a very tight manner.

Developing your swing

As you all may not know that a fully loaded shotgun may cause you drastic harm. You must be very careful while using them. It can be possible only when you will keep on practicing them again and again. You need to focus on putting the shotgun to be very straight from your body and its butt must be on your shoulders. Keep the shotgun very tightly.

You can check out the Video below to see How to aim a Shotgun

What you actually want to shoot

Here comes the final step in which you just have to decide what you actually want to shoot. Setting or deciding a target will surely help you handle the gun properly and perfectly. You will be able to get an idea of the space and other related aspects while shooting but only after deciding your target.